Illustrated Articles

Small Mammals

  • Common conditions of pet chinchillas include bite wounds, respiratory diseases, overgrown teeth, diarrhea, skin problems and heat stroke.

  • Chinchillas require a high fiber diet and should be offered grass hay (such as Timothy hay) free choice (available 24 hours a day). While alfalfa hay can be used, it should not serve as the sole source of hay as it is too rich and could result in digestive disturbances for your chinchilla.

  • The cage should allow a lot of movement by the chinchilla, as they are very active, agile and acrobatic animals. Multilevel cages, similar to those designed for ferrets, work well.

  • Chinchillas can make fun, enjoyable pets. The chinchilla is a rodent closely related to the guinea pig. They originated from South America where they live in the Andes Mountains.

  • Generally speaking,, chinchillas are fairly hardy animals. However, they do have several unique problems and understanding these problems will allow you to better care for your pet and minimize future health care problems.

  • Eimeria spp and other coccidial organisms can infect rabbits with a disease called coccidia, especially young and recently weaned rabbits. These organisms live in rabbit intestines and also can infecting the liver. They’re species or host specific, meaning they only live in rabbits.

  • The Complete Blood Count, usually just called a CBC, is one of the most basic blood tests your veterinarian can request, and yet it is one of the most important tests for determining the health status of a pet. It includes a series of measurements that describe the quantity and quality of the cellular elements in the blood.

  • Cytology is the microscopic examination of cell samples. These samples may sometimes be collected from the surface of the lesion under investigation, but more often, the sample is obtained by use of a special needle.

  • Diazoxide is used to treat certain tumors (insulinomas) in ferrets and to treat low blood sugar secondary to excessive insulin secretion in dogs.

  • Encephalitozoonsis is an infection that can affect the kidneys, eyes and nervous system of rabbits. It’s caused by an organism called Encephalitozoon cuniculi or E. cuniculi, a small microsporidian parasite that’s intracellular (it has to live within another cell).