Illustrated Articles

Infectious Diseases

  • Anthrax in Cats

    14/Sep/2009

    Unfortunately, anthrax is being used as a method of bio-terrorism and cats can be infected, as can most mammals. Birds are normally resistant to the disease. Different animals have different levels of susceptibility to anthrax infection.

  • Anthrax in Dogs

    13/Mar/2014

    Unfortunately, anthrax is being used as a method of bio-terrorism and dogs can be infected, as can most mammals. Birds are normally resistant to the disease. Different animals have different levels of susceptibility to anthrax infection. Herbivores (animals that eat plants, such as cattle, sheep, and horses) are the most susceptible to anthrax.

  • Aspergillosis is a common cause of respiratory disease in pet birds. It can cause upper and lower respiratory problems or a more broadly distributed infections.

  • Babesiosis in Dogs

    05/Mar/2014

    Babesia infection or babesiosis refers to infection with a protozoal parasite from the species Babesia. Merozoites or piroplasms are the stage of Babesia that invades mammalian red blood cells, causing anemia. Babesia species are found worldwide, although in North America, most canine cases of babesiosis occur in the southern United States.

  • In general terms, the respiratory system is divided into two parts. The upper respiratory tract consists of the nose, nasal sinuses, throat and trachea or windpipe while the lower respiratory tract consists of the ‘small airways’ (bronchi and bronchioles) and the alveoli (the small air sacs deep in the lung tissue where oxygen exchange occurs).

  • Blastomycosis in Dogs

    21/Mar/2014

    Blastomycosis is a fungal disease caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis. This fungus most commonly infects humans and animals through the respiratory tract. After the fungal spores are inhaled, they settle in the small airways and begin to reproduce. The organism then spreads throughout the body and may infect other organs. Rarely, infection occurs through contamination of an open wound.

  • Blepharitis in Cats

    09/Sep/2010

    Blepharitis means inflammation of the eyelid. In most cases, the inflammation affects the outer two layers of the eyelids; in some cases it may spread to involve the inner lining or palpebral conjunctiva.

  • Blepharitis in Dogs

    10/Mar/2014

    Blepharitis means inflammation of the eyelid. In most cases, the inflammation affects the outer two layers of the eyelids; in some cases it may spread to involve the inner lining or palpebral conjunctiva.

  • Campylobacter infection or Campylobacterosis is a bacterial intestinal infection cased by Campylobacter jejuni. It is a major cause of human bacterial enteritis although it is a normal bacterium in the intestinal tract of many animals and birds.

  • Candida albicans is a common opportunistic environmental fungus affecting the digestive tracts of birds. It is a common cause of “sour crop” or a crop infection (ingluvitis), especially in young birds.

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